The Liturgical Seasons Of The Church
The Church has its own liturgical calendar with seasons. It is intended to celebrate and understand more fully the entire mystery of Jesus Christ rather than just marking time like the ordinary calendars.
The liturgical seasons are:
Advent – a season of devout preparation of the memorial for the first coming of Jesus as man, and of joyful expectation for His second and final coming.
Christmas – a joyful season from the birth of Jesus (December 25) until the Baptism of Jesus (Sunday after January 6)
Lent – a penitential season from Ash Wednesday until before the Easter Vigil
Easter Triduum – the memorial of the Passion of Jesus starting from the evening of Holy Thursday until Black Saturday
Easter – a joyful season starting from the celebration of Jesus resurrection until the coming of the Holy Spirit on Pentecost, the fiftieth day of the Season
Ordinary Time – the “counted” 34 Sundays after the Epiphany and Pentecost which follows the public ministry of Jesus – his life, teachings, and work
The Church year begins on the first Sunday of Advent and ends on the Saturday following the Feast of Christ the King
Liturgical colors are used to designate the season or feast that the church is celebrating and seen in the vestments of the priests or in the hangings of the altar.
The colors and its symbolism are:
Violet – for penance, used during the season of Advent and Lent
Green – for hope, used during the 34 weeks of Ordinary Time
Red – for love and martyrdom, used on Palm Sunday, Pentecost, feasts of Jesus’ passion, Feasts of martyrs
Gold or White - the color of purity and joy, used during the Christmas and the Easter Season
Black - for sorrow, used at Masses for the Dead and All Souls Day
Pink –for joyful expectation, used on the 3rd Sunday of Advent and the 4th Sunday of Lent
Blue – the color of the Blessed Virgin Mary used on her feasts
There is mystical meaning to the liturgical color. With the use of colors the Church walks us through the seasons to teach us a mystery of faith or point to us an event in the life of Christ.